Treatment of anemia involves the diagnosis and treatment of its underlying cause. Some conditions can be successfully treated and tightened, while others may require more intensive treatment. Treatment also depends on your age, general health, medical history and other factors. In some serious cases, treatment may include a blood transfusion.
Complete bone marrow failure makes the three cell lines produced in the bone marrow inadequate, a condition called pancytopenia. Anemia is a medical condition in which the number of red blood cells or hemoglobin is lower than normal. The condition is often associated with fatigue and weakness. The reason is that anemia occurs when your body does not have healthy and adequate red blood cells. Certain medical conditions can cause internal bleeding, which can lead to iron deficiency anemia. Examples include an ulcer in the stomach, polyps in the colon or intestines, or colon cancer.
Anemia is a condition in which the number of red blood cells or the hemoglobin concentration within them is lower than normal. Hemoglobin is necessary to transport oxygen, and if you have too few abnormal red blood cells or are not enough hemoglobin, the blood will have less ability to transport 經血過多 oxygen to body tissue. This results in symptoms such as fatigue, weakness, dizziness and shortness of breath, among others. The optimal hemoglobin concentration necessary to meet physiological needs varies according to age, sex, elevation of residence, smoking habits and pregnancy.
In addition, people with anemia and chronic kidney disease have lower levels of iron, which is also used to make red blood cells. Less red blood cells mean that less oxygen is transported to your organs and tissues. The underlying diseases, disorders or conditions of anemia can also cause critical complications.
In most cases, symptoms associated with the underlying disease generally precede symptoms of mild or moderate anemia. In rare cases, anemia due to chronic disease can be severe and lead to more serious complications. In some patients with bone marrow disease or patients with renal impairment, epoetin alfa can be used to stimulate the production of red blood cells from the bone marrow. Sometimes iron supplements will also be required to correct iron deficiency. Vitamin B12 injections will be required in patients with pernicious anemia or other causes of B12 deficiency.
Seek immediate medical attention if you have symptoms of anemia, such as mild dizziness or weakness, or if you have a low level of energy and get tired easily. The rapid diagnosis and treatment of anemia and its underlying cause reduces the risk of serious complications. Strictly speaking, pernicious anemia occurs when a person does not have something called an intrinsic factor, allowing him to absorb vitamin B12. Without vitamin B12, the body cannot develop healthy red blood cells. Other types of anemia that involve a lack of B vitamins, such as B9, are also often grouped in the form of pernicious anemia.
In addition to iron, your body needs folic acid and vitamin B-12 to produce enough healthy red blood cells. A diet that lacks these nutrients and other key nutrients can lead to a decrease in the production of red blood cells. Some people who consume enough B-12 cannot absorb the vitamin. This can lead to anemia vitamin deficiency, also known as pernicious anemia.